Monthly Archives: July 2018

Aerobic exercise for beginners

 Aerobic training strengthens the heart and lungs and improves muscle function. One goal of aerobic training is to enhance sports performance and to improve training response. The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about aerobic training exercises.

What are aerobic training exercises?

Aerobic training exercises are any activities that raise heart rate and make breathing somewhat harder. The activity you are doing must be constant and continuous. Examples of aerobic activities are

  • Walking or hiking
  • Jogging or running
  • Biking
  • Swimming
  • Rowing
  • In-line skating
  • Cross-country skiing
  • Exercising on a stair-climber or elliptical machine

Other activities, when done in a constant and continuous way, can be aerobic, such as tennis, racquetball, squash, and the martial arts. Weight training, however, is not aerobic because it is done in short bursts of a few minutes at a time.

How does aerobic training improve endurance?

Aerobic training increases the rate at which oxygen inhaled is passed on from the lungs and heart to the bloodstream to be used by the muscles. Aerobically fit athletes can exercise longer and harder before feeling tired. During exercise they have a slower heart rate, slower breathing rate, less muscle fatigue, and more energy. After exercise, recovery happens more quickly. Aerobic fitness can be measured in a laboratory setting while exercising on a treadmill or bicycle. This is called maximal oxygen uptake or VO2 max.

How often and how long should athletes train?

To achieve a training response, athletes should exercise 3 to 5 times per week for at least 20 to 60 minutes. Fitness level can be improved with as little as 10 minutes of exercise if done 2 to 3 times per day. If the goal is also to lose body fat, athletes should exercise for at least 30 to 60 minutes. Athletes who are not fit will need to start with lesser amounts of exercise. They can slowly add more time as their endurance improves. Increasing the level of exercise at about 10% per week is a good goal to prevent overuse injury.

Cross-training can help reduce the risk of overuse injuries. This is done by alternating different kinds of activities. To avoid putting too much stress on the body and help prevent injuries, it is wise to alternate high-impact activities, like running, with low-impact exercises, like walking, cycling, and swimming.

How hard should athletes train?

Training at low to moderate intensity levels is enough to improve endurance. In general, this level of intensity is more enjoyable and less likely to lead to injuries than high-intensity training.

However, aerobic training programs should be designed to match each athlete’s fitness level. There are 3 ways to measure aerobic training intensity.

1. The “talk test.” During a workout, athletes should be able to say a few words comfortably, catch their breath, and resume talking. If it is difficult to say a few words, then athletes should probably slow down. If athletes can talk easily without getting out of breath, then they are probably not training hard enough.

2. Heart rate. Aerobic training occurs when heart rate during exercise is between 60% to 90% of maximal heart rate. Athletes can figure out their maximal heart rate by subtracting their age from 220.

3. Level of difficulty. Athletes can determine how hard the exercise feels on a scale of 1 to 10 using the Borg Scale of perceived exertion. The ideal range for aerobic training is between 2 to 7.

Other factors affecting aerobic training response

  • Baseline fitness level. The more unfit athletes are, the greater the training response. However, as athletes become more fit, it will take higher levels of training to improve further.
  • Genetics. Genetics play a large role in an athlete’s natural fitness level as well as how much he will improve as a result of training.
  • Growth. As children grow, they are able to respond more to aerobic training. However, before puberty, the aerobic training response is much less than during and after puberty. This is why aerobic training is of limited value for improving endurance in young children. Activities should focus more on other goals, such as skill development and fun.

Largest and Best Football Stadium in the world

Football, which was first played by the peasants and poor of England, now attracts million dollar sponsorship from businesses across the world. The game, which initially did not find any existence among the riches, has now become the game of the masses. People from different places across the world are not only interested in watching the game, but also are keen to participate in it. As a large number of people have taken interest in this sport, you can find multiple football clubs across the globe today. With the increasing popularity of the sports, many national teams have taken to this game. This, in turn, has fueled the need for proper grounds and infrastructure to practice the game. And that is the reason, you can find hundreds of football arenas in different parts of the world. If you are a football fan, and want to gather more knowledge about this sport, you can check out the list of top ten football stadiums. Selecting the top ten football stadiums is tricky as every arena has some specialty of its own.

1. Soccer City, Johannesburg, South Africa

FNB stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa, popularly known as the Soccer City, was selected as the venue for the FIFA World Cup, opening ceremony. The largest stadium of the country and the continent has the holding capacity of about 94,700 people. Though football fans will remember this stadium for the World Cup matches, it has a deeper history. During Nelson Mandela’s first visit to Johannesburg after his release from jail, this ground was selected for his speech.

2. Estadio do Maracana, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil

Estadio de Maracana stadium in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil hosted the final match of FIFA World Cup 1950. The stadium, inaugurated for the 1950 World Cup, did not prove to be lucky for the home team, and they lost the final match against Uruguay. The stadium will be renovated for the 2014 FIFA World Cup matches, and is expected to host a crowd nearing 75,000.

3. International Stadium Yokohama, Japan

The International Stadium in Yokohama, Japan hosted 2002 FIFA World Cup’s matches for the first three rounds. This stadium is expected to be popular among the Brazilian fans as their team won 2002 World Cup in this stadium. With 72,327 seats, this stadium boasts of providing more seating capacity than any other stadium in Japan.

The Bright Side of Sports

Benefits of Martial Arts When you are raising a child you want to do everything you can to set them up for success. Most people think that the best way to give your child a good start in their life is to make sure they get a great education. But, if you want your child to grow into a happy and successful adult, education is not the only thing they are going to need. You want to make sure that your child not only has a good amount of discipline, but they are healthy and are able to socialize with others. A great way to do this is to get your child involved with some kind of sport. Not every child is going to enjoy team sports like baseball or football. If you are looking for a great physical activity for your child to get involved with, you are going to want to consider martial arts. When you enroll your child into martial arts, there are a wide range of benefits they are going to get. When your child is practicing martial arts they are going to be doing a physically intensive activity that is great for their health. Plus, a key element to the martial arts they will learn is discipline. Developing this discipline early on will help them to work harder when they grow up. Plus, if your child knows martial arts they are going to be better able to defend themselves in an emergency. If you want to enroll your child into a martial arts class, there are many kinds they are going to be able to practice. You are going to want to talk to them and see which type they are going to enjoy doing the most. And with many martial arts classes your child is going to be given the chance to take a trial class to see if they enjoy it.
The Key Elements of Great Defense
You are going to be able to find many options in your area if you want to get your child involved with a martial arts class. When you go online you are going to be able to find a lot of information about the studios near you. Plus, you will be able to compare prices for the classes so you can be sure to find one that you can afford.
Why People Think Classes Are A Good Idea
You are going to want to do whatever you can to give your child the best start in their life. There are many benefits that come with getting your child enrolled into martial arts classes. When you go online, you are going to be able to find a lot of information about studios in your area.

World’s Largest Tennis Stadium

Tennis is a wonderful sport, no doubt about it, and since it enjoys great popularity in numerous countries around the world, it makes sense that its stadiums would be quite large as well in order to accommodate huge crowds of fans. The largest tennis stadiums in the world can be found in the USA, China, Great Britain and France, but The Netherlands, Canada and even Thailand flaunt with giant establishments dedicated solely for this incredible sport. Below you will find a list containing 7 of the world’s largest tennis stadiums by capacity.

7. Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena – Shanghai, China

Widely known as the Qi Zhong stadium, the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena can be found in Shanghai, China, within the massive city’s Minhang District to be precise. The arena was built in 2003 and flaunts a seating capacity of 15,000 for tennis fans. What makes this establishment incredible apart from its massive size is the fact that it features a remarkable steel roof, which resembles a blooming magnolia – Shanghai’s official city flower. As with many other stadiums on our list, this one was created to serve a specific purpose, and that purpose was hosting the ATP World Tour Finals between 2005 and 2008.

6. National Tennis Stadium – Beijing, China

Equally impressive is the National Tennis Stadium, which can be found in the city of Beijing in China. As with the Qi Zhong stadium, the National Tennis Stadium also features a capacity of 15,000. Opened in 2007, the stadium was the subject of an expansion process in 2011, and it is famous for hosting the incredible China Open tournament.

5. Wimbledon Centre Court – London, United Kingdom

The Centre Court in Wimbledon, London is the official home of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club and boasts a seating capacity of 15,000. Opened in 1922, this court is one of the oldest on our list and definitely one of the most impressive whether we’re talking about its sheer size or amazing design. In 2009, the court received a much-needed retractable roof that allowed it to host tennis events regardless of weather conditions.

4. Ahoy Rotterdam – Rotterdam, Netherlands

The Ahoy Rotterdam convention center was opened in 1950 but received numerous renovations in 1971, 1980, 1988, 1998 and 2011. Highly versatile, the arena was used for numerous important events throughout the years, including concerts or famous tournaments such as the ABN AMRO World Tennis Tournament. As the fourth largest tennis court by seating capacity, Ahoy Rotterdam boasts 15,818 seats.

3. Indian Wells Tennis Garden – Indian Wells, California

Located in the in the Coachella Valley of Indian Wells, California, the Indian Wells Tennis Garden was opened in 2000 but is scheduled to be expanded in 2014. As the home of the Indian Wells Masters tournament, this arena is perfectly capable of hosting 16,100 spectators, all thanks to an ingenious design signed by Rossetti Architects. Massive in size, this arena is currently the 3rd largest of its kind in the world by seating capacity.

2. O2 Arena – London, United Kingdom

This large multi-purpose indoor arena can be found in the middle of The O2 entertainment complex of London, UK. With a seating capacity of 20,000, the O2 Arena is the host of the ATP World Tour Finals between 2009 and 2015. The arena was opened officially in 2007 and was used for many incredible concerts and basketball events that were attended by numerous fans from all over the world.

1. Arthur Ashe Stadium – New York, USA

Finally, the world’s largest tennis stadium by capacity is the Arthur Ashe Stadium, which can be found within the exceptional city of New York, USA. With a capacity of 23,200, this stadium is a part of the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center and represents the primary stadium for the US Open tournament. The arena was named as a tribute to Arthur Ashe, who won the very first US Open event in 1968.

Sports Physiology

Refining and perfecting motor skills, developing visual precision, and improving mental sharpness are just a few of the many achievements happening in the young, growing body that contribute significantly to your youngster’s enjoyable and successful reality sports experience. Think about shaking up a soft drink can and not opening the top—there is so much rapid change just waiting to happen in these kids. Sometimes they can sense that they are close to gaining a new skill and they just about burst trying.

Suddenly it happens, and they cheer not only with excitement, but relief. Hopefully you can see that each stage of development varies in the length of time it takes to gain accomplishment with a certain skill and also in the completeness of skills actually developed. Some youth will acquire a skill fairly quickly, while others take longer. Some youth will develop a certain skill very well, while others struggle. That’s why certain kids gravitate toward certain activities—the beauty of the variability of human beings.

Think back to your childhood for a moment. Did you excel at catching and hitting baseballs, or were you hand-eye challenged and avoided that type of activity altogether? Did you throw well, or did you hate dodgeball in PE class when you had to display your lack of ability in front of the whole class? Ah, now you remember. You may see that mirror image in your child, or you may be wondering how on earth he inherited abilities you do not have.

Even with this variability among children of skills for exercise and sports, it is important to allow each child to individually maximize each skill level in his own time before moving on to the next. Each child is unique and should not be pushed faster than the time required to refine a skill needed to acquire a future skill.  Remember not to become impatient and rob your young one of the chance to gain a particular skill that he has been working on so diligently. Sure, your child can occasionally be trying more advanced parts of a sport, but he should not be rushed to get there before the current skills are mastered.

When we were kids in school, next year’s classes were usually built on knowledge from the previous year. Taking calculus before algebra and geometry would not have made as much sense (although for a non–math wizard like me, I am not sure if calculus would have made sense at any time). It is the same with acquiring the different advancing levels of sports techniques, movements, strategies, and training. One step at a time. One throw at a time. One serve at a time. One jump at a time. One kick at a time.

Motor, visual, and mental skills, along with physical growth, only make up part of the overall picture. They are each contributing parts that all fit together. Have you ever searched for that missing piece that allows you to start to assemble the next large chunk of a complicated puzzle? Advancing maturation of the body and brain allow your child to benefit from advancing physical growth.

Sure, these physical changes of growth are obvious. No one is blind to the fact that when friends get your holiday picture this year, Johnny is 6 inches taller than last year’s picture (which is still on their refrigerator). They usually double-check to make sure you did not skip a year. Girls change shape and start looking at boys; boys start to shave, get more muscles, and look at girls.

These physical changes certainly have an effect on their abilities to perform against their opponents as they become stronger, faster, and more skilled. Just growing, however, is not the only answer in the game of sports Jeopardy. Another crucial factor that goes through a process of development is the more invisible chemical realm—physiology, in fancy medical terms.